Terpenes are a group of rich, aromatic essential oils. They're commonly found in CBD, hemp, and many common plants and fruits. Terpenes are abundant in the world today, and many studies have backed their potential to support wellness in several different ways. Like the phytocannabinoid-rich hemp extract found in all of our CBD beverages, terpenes naturally enrich the array of foods and plants which contain them. While there are more than 200 existing types of terpene, some are much more common than others. Below we’ll discuss ten of the top existing terpenes, their potential benefits, and the popular sources in which they’re found.
Pinene occurs more frequently in nature than any other type of terpene. It's found in a variety of plants, including - you guessed it - pine trees. Pinene has improved lung function and helped to alleviate symptoms of inflammation in rodents. Pinene is rich in antioxidants and has anti-proliferative effects - helping to decrease tumor growth in some cases.
While Myrcene is not the most common in plants overall, it is among the most prevalent terpenes in cannabis and its derivatives, like cannabidiol and hemp extract. In fact, the presence of myrcene (or lack thereof) is what delineates Sativa and Indica plants from one another. It is believed to help alleviate inflammation, relax muscles and aid in the relief of pain. It has a lovely herbal scent – rather citrusy with a hint of musk.
Light and flowery in flavor and aroma, linalool is heralded for its stress relief potential. Users suffering from anxiety, depression, and sleep loss speak to its effectiveness. While research hasn't conclusively proven its ability to improve mental health, a study released by the National Institute of Health supported Linalool's anticonvulsant and antipsychotic properties.
Close your eyes and imagine the scent a freshly squeezed lemon. Easy, right? The aroma you just summoned stems from Limonene. Lemons contain an abundant supply of limonene, and it's also found in oranges and limes, giving each that classic citrus smell. If that sweet, summery scent brings a smile to your face, you aren't alone. Studies have suggested that limonene can improve mood and reduce stress in its consumers. Limonene is also known for its potential to reduce bacterial and fungal growl. Consuming limonene is thought to help the body absorb other terpenes through the skin and digestive tract.
This terpene is found in a variety of plants, including those we can eat. Peppery and spicy in flavor, caryophyllene can be found in cloves, cinnamon and black pepper. It’s also abundant in many household herbs like rosemary, basil, hops and oregano. Caryophyllene is a common ingredient in topicals and salves, as it helps to reduce inflammation in some users. Studies released by the National Institute of Health have supported caryophyllene’s potential to reduce depression, anxiety, alcohol cravings, carcinogens and respiratory difficulties.
Humulene carries the faint scent of hops that craft brewery fans know well. It’s among the terpenes that are more commonly found in hemp. Like many other terpenes, humulene has properties which help to kill bacteria, fight inflammation and slow tumor growth.
Bisabolol has a pleasing floral fragrance, and is most often produced by the chamomile flower. It can also be found in a few other plants, including hemp and candeia, a Brazilian tree. Bisabolol is believed to reduce carcinogens, inflammation, microbial growth and respiratory difficulties. It may also help to alleviate irritation of the skin. It’s thought to promote programmed cell changes, and even death, of some cancerous cells in multicellular organisms. This process is better known as apoptosis. It occurs as a natural progression involving the reuse of cellular machinery.
Valencene's name is derived from valencia oranges - the terpene's most abundant source. It's therefore no surprise that a whiff of valencene brings citrus to mind. Sometimes the scent is most similar to grapefruit, while in other cases it resembles freshly cut wood. Valencene is loved for its insect-repelling properties, and for its power as an anti-inflammatory aid.
Ocimene is a hydrocarbon present in a diverse range of fruits and plants, including parsley, basil, mangoes, kumquats, and orchids. It's inherent to many varieties of hemp and cannabis. Ocimene is known for its appealing, herbal, and woodsy scents. These powerful aromas are prominent in many perfumes, and they help plants to defend themselves against natural predators. Ocimene’s medical benefits may include antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial, antiseptic and decongestant effects. Research has not empirically proven these benefits, but some studies have supported these claims.
Terpiolene, also known as deltaterpinene, is one of the rarest terpenes. It’s known for its piney, earthy aroma. This terpene is present in a vast array of plants, including tea tree, lilac, sage, and rosemary. Terpinolene is sometimes used as an additive in perfumes, soaps, and insect repellents. Unlike other terpenes found in marijuana, hemp or hemp extract, terpinolene is not known for its anti-inflammatory or analgesic propensity. Studies have suggested that terpinolene has potential as an antioxidant. It also may function as an effective sleep aid, as it has documented sedative effects.
While the proportions of individual terpene supply in hemp may vary, terpenes enrich the quality of the foods and plants they’re found in, hemp included. Our products all contain phytocannabinoid-rich, broad spectrum hemp extract. All five flavors of hemp CBD water are delicious and refreshing at only 100 calories per can. Better yet, each sparkling CBD water flavor is vegan, non-GMO, and free of gluten, sodium, and preservatives. PCR hemp extract is one of just five ingredients in sparkling CBD soda, and you’ll taste that sweet simplicity with every sip.